The role of women in Islam is not easily defined by Social, economic and political life. The Quran and the practice of the Prophet Muhammad (saw) seem to recognize the different functions and mutually supportive roles of men and women, encouraging just and balanced social and family life. Islam was revealed at a time when a lot of people denied the humanity of the woman; some were skeptical about it, and still, others admitted it, yet considered the woman a thing created for the humble service of the man. With the advent of Islam, circumstances improved for the woman. The woman’s dignity and humanity were restored. Before Islam arrived in Arabia, the most remarkable feature of the political life of Arabia before Islam was the total absence of political organization in any form, they lived generation after generation, century after century, without a government of any kind. Since there was no govt, there was no law and no order. Islam was the greatest blessing for mankind ever, even we can call it as an enlightenment period because it set men and women free, through obedience to their creator, from slavery in all its manifestations. Muhammad, the messenger of God, was the supreme emancipation of mankind. He extricated the man from the pits of life. At the time of Muhammad’s birth, women in 7th century Arabia had few if any rights. Even the right of life could be in question since it was not uncommon for small girls to be buried alive during times of scarcity. In the holy Quran, it is said that on Judgement day buried girls will rise out of their graves and ask for what crime they were killed. The revival of Islam and the character of Muhammad’s legacy was to end infanticide and establish explicit rights for women. Islam teaches that men and women are equal before God, it grants women divinely sanctioned inheritance, property, social and marriage rights, including the right to reject the terms of a proposal and to initiate divorce. The early life of Muhammad and his marriage to his first wife Khadija, remained a confidant and a source of support throughout their entire marriage, she also played an important role in his religious career, she was the first person Muhammad spoke to about his initial, terrifying experience of revelation. She consoled him and became the first convert to Islam. whether Khadija, Aisha or daughter Fatima they all played an important and influential role, both in his life and in the establishment of Islam. Another prominent figure in Islam was Rabia Basri; a poetess and a Sufi mystic saint who is a role model for all Muslim women in the world, she devoted herself to prayers, she made one of the greatest contributions towards the development of Sufism, and philosophy of divine love. Here it clearly states the Islam never undermines the role of women in social or political life in Islam.
Islamic scholars say that the holy prophet said Muslim women are responsible for education, home economics – therefore financial responsibility, the betterment of Muslim men and the ummah, on the whole, to have the imaan have to fight in a war and to teach these responsibilities to Muslim women in the future. Therefore my personal view is that that woman, with a view to tolerance and resilience, can play professional roles in active employment and become the active sustenance to Islamic life and for the prosperity of their community economics. For me Islam as a progressive way because it never undermines the rights of women in society, if it would have not raised voice against the killing of alive girl children in Arabia, What we call ourselves are Muslim but we lack the guidance and understanding of political Islam, initially we don’t read and interpret the Holy Quran, because we have confined it in a one particular space. the numerous Islamic or semi Islamic organizations lack the basic teachings of Islam and harbor certain doubts and raise questions about Islam’s stance on the women’s status as a human being. the women’s right to seek education or learning is basic and is also guaranteed by Islamic teachings. Islam actually makes it incumbent on the women to seek knowledge; the prophet blessings peace be upon him. says seeking knowledge is incumbent on every Muslim, where every Muslim obviously involves men and women on an equal footing as a rule formalized by all authorities of jurisprudence. While many western feminists consider Islam as an oppressive religion with regard to women, do Islamic scholars really need to introspect and aware Muslim world to educate both the Muslim community and larger society on the issue do we really need to change our conservative approach towards women and misperceptions about gender equality in Islam. Many Muslim women explain that true Islam is frequently compromised by oppressive practices that have their roots in cultural differences of political expediency. There are several Islamic organizations in West working to educate anticipates the status of women in Islam, if we see the Muslim women in the United States are actively engaged in the issue on every level, from acamedia to small grassroots groups. What we have been observed from the last two decades the Islamophobia dehumanizes Muslim women and denies their agency. By focusing on the role of religion, Western Islamophobic views ignore the patriarchal and political structures within which women are oppressed. Activists are silenced, and child brides are victimized. The way forward for empowering Muslim women requires looking beyond Islamophobia and recognizing the urgency of gender equality irrespective of any race, religion or culture. Muslim women should take alternative routes to fight against the Islamophobia and gender disparity in the world. I think what is required of the Muslim community is to organize matters and make arrangements so that the Muslim women can prosper, the dire need for the Muslim world is education and reformation, the establishment of new schools, colleges and universities especially for girls where they learn and become the factor of enlightenment for the whole Muslim world. There should be complete freedom in political participation and women emancipation in the world.
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