New agency to conduct NEET, JEE (Mains) twice a year: Things you must know

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NEW DELHI: Newly formed National Testing Agency (NTA) would- now conduct the national- level examinations — NET, NEET, JEE (Mains) — that were organised by the CBSE, HRD Minister Prakash Javadekar said.
National Eligibility Test (NET) would be conducted in December and JEE (Mains) twice a year, in January and April. NEET would be conducted in February and May, the minister said.
“The exams will be more secure and at par with international norms. There will be no issues of leakage and it would be more student friendly, open, scientific and a leak-proof system,” Javadekar told reporters.
The NTA would benefit the students and they would have the option of going to computer centres from August-end to practice for the exams
The tests would be computer-based. The exams would be held over a span of four-five days and students would have the option of choosing the dates, he said.
The syllabus, question formats, language and fees for the exams would not be changed, he said.
The time table of the exams to be conducted by NTA would be uploaded on the ministry’s website.
The IITs would continue to conduct Joint Entrance Examination-Advanced exam, he said.
The Union Cabinet had approved setting up of NTA to conduct entrance examinations for higher educational institutions.
So far, The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) conducted NEET on behalf of the Medical Council Of India and the Health Ministry and NET on behalf of the University Grants Commission (UGC).
How the National Testing Agency (NTA) will function:
NTA will be established as a Society registered under the Indian Societies Registration Act, 1860.
The NTA would work as an autonomous and self-sustained premier testing organisation to conduct entrance examinations for higher educational institutions.
It will be chaired by an educationist appointed by Human Resource Development Ministry
To serve the requirements of the rural students, NTA would locate the centres at sub-district/district level and as far as possible would undertake hands-on training exercise for the students.
The NTA will be given a one-time grant of Rs 250 million (Rs 25 crore) from the government to start its operation in the first year and thereafter, it will be financially self-sustainable
The nod for setting up NTA was given by the Union Cabinet and the budget for the same was announced by Finance Minister Arun Jaitley last year.
In November 2017 Union Cabinet chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi approved setting up of ‘National Testing Agency (NTA)’ to conduct entrance examinations for higher educational institutions and it was in the month of December last year when the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Kanpur was given the responsibility of setting up an agency and begin the hiring of subject experts. This agency which came to be known as the National Testing Agency as a part of Centre’s one-point agency for conducting all entrance examinations. It was then that the agency had said that the first tests would be conducted from December 2018, for the academic year of 2019.
In view of the need to have a specialised body in India like the most advanced countries, the finance minister Arun Jaitley in the Budget speech of 2017-18 had announced setting up of NTA to conduct all entrance examinations for higher educational institutions. The establishment of NTA, an autonomous organisation, will benefit about 4 million (40 lakh) students appearing in various entrance examinations

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